The bustard bird (or otherwise the dudak) looks very much like an ostrich in appearance, only in smaller sizes.
Belongs to the crane family. It is an inhabitant of semi-desert and steppe zones of Eurasia. Often settles in pastures and farmland. Previously, the bustard was numerous, now it is an endangered species.
Description of the bustard
Bustard is a large-bodied bird, overweight, massive, with a thick neck and a wide chest... By weight, males are twice as heavy as smok: with a body length of about 105 cm, their weight reaches 7-16 kg. That is, they are about the size of a large turkey. Females, with a body length of 75 cm to 80 cm, weigh 4-8 kg. The tail of this bird is long and rounded at the end. The bustard has no coccygeal gland.
The wings are wide and long - their span ranges from 190 cm to 260 cm.
It is easy to distinguish bustards from other feathered bustards not only by their wings and large size., but also on powerful unfeathered paws, ideally adapted to moving along the ground, as well as digging out roots, worms and insect larvae. The legs of the bustard bird are greenish-brown, strong and rather long. The number of fingers is three.
There are pads on the bottom of the legs.
The plumage of the bustard is prone to variegation and is a combination of several colors - black, gray, white and red. The neck and head of the bustard bird are ash gray, with variations in shades depending on the populations.
The rest of the top has an ocher-red tone with a transverse dark streaky pattern. The underside of the wings, undertail, abdomen and chest are white. From spring to the end of summer, the male bustard wears a chestnut-red "collar". It also has a mustache that looks like tufts of feathers extending back from the base of its beak. The female, regardless of the season, is always colored the same.
The bustard species are so diverse that they inhabit the territories of several continents., differing among themselves in size, color, feeding characteristics, habits.
Thus, the genus of the large bustard has 4 species:
- Choriotis kori - Kori bustard or giant,
- Choriotis arabs - Arabian bustard,
- Choriotis nigriceps - Indian bustard,
- Choriotis australis - Australian bustard.
5 species belong to the genus of the small bustard:
- Eupodotis vigorsi - black-throated bustard,
- Eupodotis rueppellii - bustard Ruppel,
- Eupodotis humilis - brown bustard,
- Eupodotis caerulescens - blue bustard,
- Eupodotis senegalensis - Senegalese bustard.
The genus of the African bustard includes 4 species:
- Neotis ludwigii - South African bustard,
- Neotis nuba - Nubian bustard,
- Neotis heuglinii - Somali bustard,
- Neotis denhami - Kaffir bustard.
In addition, there are a total of 26 bustard species, grouped into 11 genera. In the post-Soviet space, including Russia, bustards are most widely represented by 3 species: jack, little bustard and bustard.
Where does the bustard live
As noted, the bustard family lives on almost all continents, occupying vast expanses of Africa, Australia and Eurasia. In the post-Soviet space, the bustard is found in some isolated areas, regularly breeding in the Black Sea region (in the Crimea and in the steppes of the northern part of the Black Sea region), in the Middle Volga, Don, Amur, Transbaikal, Khakass-Tuva, East Caucasian, Pre-Altai-Siberian, Caspian-Ural and Ciscaucasian Lower Volga zones.
The bustard prefers most of all semi-desert, savanna, prairie, desert, forest-steppe and steppe. In Eurasia, it chooses semi-arid and open landscape zones, in which the annual precipitation rate reaches no more than 600 mm. In connection with the adaptation recently, the bustard willingly settles in the grass and wormwood steppes, in river floodplains, lacustrine meadow basins, on dried peat bogs.
He also does not shy away from winter fields, hayfields, arable lands, alfalfa, cabbage and rapeseed farmlands. Colonies of this bird have also been observed in sunflowers and potato fields.
What does the bustard eat
The food of the bustard is varied, but predominantly vegetable. They peck seeds, fruits, soft roots, leaves of herbs, flowers and shoots, choosing a wide variety of plants - asters, legumes, cabbage, bluegrass, roadside and so on.
Eats bustard and animal food, which includes mainly insects and their larvae. These are grasshoppers, bears, locusts, ground beetles, leaf beetles, weevils, etc. Chicks feed on formica ants and their larvae. On occasion, adult bustards can also eat lizards, frogs, snails, worms, etc. as food.
Interestingly, they don't drink water (most species of bustards).
Due to the fact that the bustard is an endangered species and its population is rare in some places, hunting for it is not widespread.
Squad - Cranes
Family - Bustards
Genus / Species - Otis tarda.
Wingspan: up to 2.6 m.
Weight: male - up to 18 kg, females - mainly 7.5 kg.
Puberty: females - at 3-4 years old, males - at 5-6 years old.
Breeding period: April-June.
Carry: one per year.
Number of eggs: 2-3.
Incubation: 25-28 days.
Chicks become winged: after 28-35 days.
Habits: Great bustard (see bird photo) is a shy bird.
Food: green parts and seeds of plants, small animals.
Sounds, voice, singing: deep "umbra".
Lifespan: in captivity for about 30 years.
Little bustard and bustard Corey.
The bustard is not inferior in size to a turkey. She has a bright reddish-brown plumage and a white chest. At first glance, there is nothing unusual in her appearance, but the male bustard has a very impressive appearance during the performance of the mating dance.
The bustard is a very shy and wary bird. Therefore, it willingly inhabits open plain spaces without thickets of trees - grassy steppes, wide fields and meadows, where everything is clearly visible even at a great distance.
This bird has very strong legs. The bustard is daily mixed on the ground over long distances. She is quite hardy in flight, but rarely flies over distances exceeding 100 m.
The bustard is beautifully camouflaged with its gray-brown color. In case of danger, he saves himself from predators by not running away, but hiding, lying on the ground.
During the flight, the bustard resembles an ordinary goose: it stretches its head and neck forward, evenly and strongly flapping its wings.
The biggest enemy of the bustard is man, as well as several representatives of the animal world, among which are the fox, the steppe eagle, and the golden eagle.
These predators prey mainly on young birds, but sometimes they are able to defeat an adult bustard. Ravens also devastate bustard nests. In Central Europe, 60-90% of the livestock is regularly destroyed during the cultivation of fields and meadows. The high mortality rate among newborn chicks is caused by the cool and humid climate. Chicks become easy prey for predators. Adult bustards often die when struck by high voltage wires during flight. All this led to the fact that the bustard bird is listed in the Red Book.
The female builds a simple nest: she tramples a place in the grass or digs a small hole.
Lays in it 2-3 eggs of light gray or olive color with dark brown or gray spots. The female incubates them for 25-28 days, until the chicks are born. Bustard chicks can leave the nest immediately after birth, but for some time they are under the supervision of their mother. Newborn chicks, which have dry feathers, keep near the nest, and after 3-4 days they already run near the nest.
First, the female feeds them with insects, and after two weeks the chicks usually begin to get their own food on their own. At the age of five weeks, they can already fly and even go out on their own in search of food.
- The sizes of the bustard and turkey birds are identical. The bustard is one of the heaviest flying birds.
- The bustard kills and eats small snakes. She grabs the snake with her beak and kicks them several times, then swallows it whole.
- There is a noticeable difference in size between male and female bustards. Males are 2 times heavier than females and have a stronger body.
- In some countries, the bustard is raised in captivity.Poultry farms collect bustard eggs in the fields. The farmed birds are then released into the wild.
- Only female bustards incubate eggs and raise chicks.
- Having risen into the air, the bustard flies at a speed of 50 km / h.
Bustard bird: description and photo. Steppe bird
The variegated plumage, which combines red and white colors, perfectly disguises the bustard when the bird sits motionless on the ground or in the nest.
The bustard raises its fan-shaped tail vertically upward and presses it to the body. The lower part of the tail feather is bright white.
During mating, the male pulls his head into his shoulders, ruffles his feathers and inflates a large throat sac around his neck.
- The habitat of the common bustard
WHERE DROPHA LIVES
Great bustard is found in some places in Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, in Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, northeastern Germany, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, in the south of Ukraine.
In Russia - in the east of Southeast Siberia.
PROTECTION AND CONSERVATION
The bustard population is constantly decreasing, especially in Spain and Central Europe. So far, very little has been done to protect them. Currently, the bustard is under the protection of the Red Book.
The beauty bustard was returned to its native place.
Fifty Red Book Bustard beauties returned from Abu Dhabi to their native places - to the vastness of Betpak Dala. This flight was organized for the birds by the staff of the International Fund for the Conservation of the Great Bustard and the hunting zoo.
Bustards arrived by air to return to their habitat to support the population of their wild relatives.
See also other dictionaries:
Flaggentrappe - Männchen (schwarz) und Weibchen der Flaggentrappe (Sypheotides indica) Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) ... Deutsch Wikipedia
Flaggentrappe - mažasis indinis einis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Eupodotis indica, Sypheotides indica angl. lesser florican vok. Flaggentrappe, f rus. small Indian bustard, f pranc. outarde passarage, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas -… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Flaggentrappe - indiniai einiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Sypheotides angl. lesser florican vok. Flaggentrappe, f rus. small Indian bustard, f pranc. outarde passarage, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas - eininiai siauresnis terminas -… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Otididae - Trappen Rüppelltrappen (Eupodotis rueppellii) Systematik Unterstamm: Wirbeltiere (Vertebrata)… Deutsch Wikipedia
Trappen - Rüppelltrappen (Eupodotis rueppellii) Systematik Unterstamm: Wirbeltiere (Vertebrata) Klasse… Deutsch Wikipedia
Bardia-Nationalpark - Panzernashorn im Bardia Nationalpark ... Deutsch Wikipedia
Eupodotis indica - mažasis indinis einis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Eupodotis indica, Sypheotides indica angl. lesser florican vok. Flaggentrappe, f rus. small Indian bustard, f pranc. outarde passarage, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas -… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Sypheotides indica - mažasis indinis einis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Eupodotis indica, Sypheotides indica angl. lesser florican vok. Flaggentrappe, f rus. small Indian bustard, f pranc. outarde passarage, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas -… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
lesser florican - mažasis indinis einis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Eupodotis indica, Sypheotides indica angl. lesser florican vok. Flaggentrappe, f rus. small Indian bustard, f pranc. outarde passarage, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas -… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
mažasis indinis einis - statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Eupodotis indica, Sypheotides indica angl. lesser florican vok. Flaggentrappe, f rus. small Indian bustard, f pranc. outarde passarage, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas - indiniai einiai ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
outarde passarage - mažasis indinis einis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Eupodotis indica, Sypheotides indica angl. lesser florican vok. Flaggentrappe, f rus. small Indian bustard, f pranc. outarde passarage, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas -… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas