Subtropical guests of the plant world can increasingly be found on the windows of the European part of the world. A plant such as bouvardia is also popular. It should be figured out which conditions are most suitable for this flower.
Description of bouvardia
Bouvardia is a perennial shrub whose size depends on the variety. It is grown both in gardens and at home. The stems grow straight up, pointed leaves grow from the trunk, framing the inflorescence at the top.
The flower has the form of a tube with 4 petals bent outward, exudes a light aroma. Due to the group of flowers, a spherical inflorescence is formed on a high peduncle. It is widely used by designers in bouquet arrangements for wedding photos.
The shrub belongs to perennials, reaches a height of up to 1 m. undersized bouvardia varieties.
Bouvardia yellow bouvardia flava
The speaking name is given for the yellow color of flowers. A tall shrub grows up to 1.5 m, which is more suitable for cultivation in garden plots.
Bouvardia longiflora bouvardia longiflora
This type of bouvardia is different longer flowers, forming an inflorescence at the top of the stem, reaching a height of 90 cm. The color range varies from white to pink.
Bouvardia jasminiflora bouvardia jasminiflora
Similar to jasmine, white with fragrant flowers. Plant height within 60 - 90cm. Unlike other species, it blooms in winter.
Bouvardia home bouvardia domestica
Specially designed variety for growing on windowsills. Plant sizes are more compact, height reaches 70 cm... Home bouvardia, the flower of which has smooth or double petals, blooms in summer or autumn.
The color range is wide due to the variety of pink and crimson shades. Great popularity enjoys pink bouvardia.
Optimal growing conditions
In the conditions of the garden bouvardia is unpretentious, you need to give her a place with sufficient illumination.
Home care is pretty straightforward. For windowsill small pots are selected shallow depth, which will be sufficient for a shallow root system.
In natural habitats, warm, illuminated areas of South America are comfortable conditions. Therefore, in the apartment they choose windows on the south or east side for a long period of illumination.
During the period of flower formation, the temperature regime should be moderately warm, within 22 - 25 degrees. It's good if it's cooler at night than during the day, as, for example, on the balcony.
In the winter season, all species, except for the jasmine-flowered bouvardia, blooming at this time, are removed to a cool place with a temperature of at least 10 degrees for relaxation.
During the active period, the plant watered regularly in moderation... The golden mean will be moisturizing after the topsoil dries up until the first drops appear on the pan of the pot.
In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time per week.
To prevent root rotting, the pot must have small volume of soil lined with drainage bottom.
In the dry climate of the apartment during the heating season, the leaves can become sluggish, so it will not be superfluous spray a couple of times a month bouvardia with water at room temperature. This procedure will also remove accumulated dust from the plant.
In summer, especially in hot weather, it is useful to refresh the plant evening spraying. You should not do this during the day, so that the water on the leaves does not cause burns under the scorching sun.
Soil and fertilizing
loose, nutritious soil is suitable for bouvardia. You can buy ready-made soil for all indoor plants, adding a little sand or perlite to it for better aeration of the roots.
If you prepare the soil yourself, you will need:
- 2 parts of peat.
- 4 parts of turf soil.
- 1 piece of leafy ground
- 1 part sand or perlite.
Top dressing is necessary during the period of rapid growth every 10 - 14 days. For an unpretentious bouvardia, universal complex fertilizers for indoor plants are suitable. During the flowering period there may be used feeding for flowering crops.
In winter, fertilizers are not used as the plant is dormant.
After the end of the flowering period, bouvardia trimmed to form a lush crown for the next season. Pruning by some growers is also performed in the spring season before the start of active growth. You can leave up to a quarter of the length of the shoots.
The transplant is carried out one year old in a larger pot... The best time to do this is in early spring, before growing and flowering. A healthy plant after transplanting will begin to grow rapidly and will delight the owner with lush flowering.
At a more mature age, the plant may not bloom so abundantly, but transplanting in this case will no longer correct the situation, it is better after 2 years, replace the plant with young bushes.
During the pruning of the bush, you need a sharp knife cut off a stalk with 2 - 3 internodes from the top of the stem and put it in water until roots appear. Shoots with well-grown roots in the spring should be planted in the ground, after which the beginning of growth and flowering is immediately possible.
By dividing the bush
Suitable for decorative purposes only, renewing an overgrown bush... Young plants will not appear at the same time, and flowering will still fade away. Shake the dense shrub out of the pot, divide it neatly along the roots into parts that transplant into new soil.
Seeds bought in a store or obtained from home cultivation are sown in moist soil close to the surface, covered with a greenhouse. For seedlings, a temperature of about 20 degrees is required. and high humidity. A greenhouse with sprouts is placed in a bright place and gradually opened. Only mature young bouvardia can be transplanted into separate pots.
Root offspring are buds that can give new shoots... You can find them by a sprout that has emerged next to the mother plant, which is separated and planted in a separate pot under the greenhouse.
How to deal with diseases and pests
Bouvardia is not often exposed to diseases, as a rule, it is due to improper care.
- Root rot. The most dangerous disease is due to waterlogging of the soil. Having transplanted into new soil, you can try to save the flower. At the same time it is better to germinate a new stalk.
- Spider mites and aphids. Frequent pests of indoor plants can get on the bouvardia from neighboring flowers. In this case, the resistance of the shrub is often reduced, therefore, in addition to spraying parasite remedy (for example, Fitoverm) you need to make regular feeding.
- Chlorosis of the leaves. Occurs when the quality of water for irrigation is poor. Leaves turn yellow and may fall off. Solve the problem of iron feeding will help and regular watering with settled water.
This video shows how a bouvardia is grown for sale.