Colmanara (Colmanara, Oncostele) is an orchid with a height of 30-50 cm, obtained by selection. Her parents are representatives of three genera: Odontoglossum, Oncidium and Miltonia. The plant turned out to be unpretentious, regularly and blooming for a long time. For beginner inexperienced flower growers, the flower often becomes one of the first "exhibits" of the indoor collection of plants; experienced orchid lovers willingly grow it. This plant of artificial origin is mentioned in foreign sources under the name Oncostele.
Colmanary growth type is sympodial. False bulbs or pseudobulbs are small, ovoid, slightly flattened and ribbed. Light green xiphoid leaves are collected in bunches.
Colmanara Wildcat ‘Everlasting’ photo
It takes about 2 months for the plant to grow a 1.2 m long peduncle and open the first buds. The anxious expectation is worth it: the paniculate inflorescence has from 10 to 40 corollas. They are certainly fragrant. Petals and sepals come in all sorts of shades of red and yellow. As an additional decoration, they have contrasting spots, strokes, stripes. Among the other elements, the lip is designated by a larger size.
Colmanara most often blooms in spring. The flowering period lasts 1-3 months. The appearance of a new peduncle after the withering away of the previous one is quite common. The second inflorescences are no worse, they are even more magnificent. After the end of flowering, the stem should be cut off.
How to choose an orchid and what to do after purchase
When choosing an orchid in a flower shop, pay attention not only to the beauty of the corollas, but to the condition of the plant as a whole. Pseudobulbs and leaves should be normal: have turgor (relative elasticity), not have any damage or any spots. The presence of whitish cobweb-like clusters on the back of the leaves indicates a spider mite infestation.
Once home, Colmanara must "go through" quarantine and subsequent transplantation. For the first 7-10 days, keep it secluded from other plants, as signs of pest damage may appear later. The transplant will allow you to assess the condition of the root system (you may have to deal with rot) and, most importantly, move it to a suitable container with a high-quality substrate. We will talk in more detail about transplanting, pest and disease control in the relevant sections of the article.
Colmanara at home photo
Scattered rays of the sun and partial shade are equally acceptable for colmanara. We artificially make up for the seasonal lack of lighting: turn on phytolamps and fluorescent lamps for several hours in the morning and in the evening.
Direct sunlight will burn leaves and flowers.
During the warm season, the plant should be kept on an east or west windowsill. In winter, southern locations are suitable, since the sun is less active.
Colmanare is comfortable at normal room temperatures in the range of 20-27 ° C. In the fall-winter period, keep the reading in the 15-18 ° C range. The heat of 32-35 ° C will help the plant withstand more frequent watering and regular ventilation of the room.
It is very useful: in the warm season, it is advisable to "relocate" the Kalmanar orchid to fresh air: to the veranda, open balcony, terrace, garden.
A short-term drop in temperature to 10 ° C with a plus sign is not terrible for her on the street, and even more so indoors. Daily temperature drops are not necessary, but desirable, let the thermometer drop by about 5 degrees at night.
Caring for colmanar at home
Colmanara Massai ed home care
How to water
When watering, strictly observe the rule: neither waterlogging nor prolonged drying of the substrate should be allowed. The soil, mainly consisting of pieces of bark, should dry out completely. At low temperatures in the winter months, it is allowed to keep the substrate dry for 2-3 days and only then water it. Always use water at room temperature, purified from harmful impurities (settled for 1-2 days or filtered tap water, thawed, rainwater).
Water should be poured carefully (especially in winter), moving along the edge of the pot, the liquid should not fall on the pseudobulbs or accumulate in the leaf sinuses. Only in the summer can you periodically irrigate by sprinkling with warm water. It is advisable to carry out the procedure in the morning and let the flower dry in relative shade, return to a permanent place at sunset.
How to feed
Colemanara should be fed during the period of active growth. Apply special fertilizer for orchids every week, but use ½ the dose recommended on the package.
Air humidity is required moderate, at a level of about 35%. It is enough in the summer to periodically wipe the leaves with a damp sponge or put the flower pot on a pallet with damp moss, pebbles, expanded clay. In winter, keep the plant away from hot air sources (radiators, heaters).
How to care after transplant
After transplanting or dividing the bush, the first days should be kept completely dry. Start watering gradually, and apply fertilizers after full adaptation.
Dormant period kolmanara
For normal development and regular flowering of colmanare, it is necessary to arrange a dormant period. It should start after the ripening of young pseudobulbs (as a rule in late autumn).
- When new growths (false bulbs) take the form (size, fill) of adults, the orchid is no longer fed, it is extremely rare to water it and grow at a temperature of 15-18 ° C during the day and about 10 ° C at night.
- Watering is almost completely abandoned: the lower the temperature, the drier the substrate. It is enough to moisten the top layer of the bark every 3-4 weeks.
- The lighting needs to be all the same bright.
Rest time ends with the appearance of the peduncle. Leave the conditions unchanged until its length reaches 10 cm. Then gradually increase the temperature, the intensity of watering, start to apply fertilizing with ¼ dose.
How to transplant a photo colmanara
In a flower shop, plants are most often sold in polypropylene flower pots. It must be replaced with a planter or plastic pot with drainage holes and slots in the walls. Excess water flows through them and moisture leaves, air normally penetrates to the roots.
- The substrate is required to be loose and light. Newbie flower growers use a versatile orchid primer. It has everything you need: chopped pine bark, pieces of sphagnum moss, fern roots, coconut fibers, etc.
- Experienced orchievods have learned to slightly adjust the composition of the soil for each type of plant. For kolmanara, it is recommended to use chopped pine bark (the main part), a little sod land, expanded clay and pieces of foam plastic (the last two components should make up ¼ of the total volume).
Thereafter, repot the colmanara every 2 years. The most appropriate time is the formation of roots in new pseudobulbs.
Reproduction of colmanars at home
Botanists grow colmanara from seed or reproduce new plants meristemally (cloning). For both options, special conditions and devices are required that are not available to amateur flower growers. For home breeding, the vegetative method remains - dividing the orchid bush.
- Excessive manipulations with the roots are stressful for the plant, so it is advisable to combine the division procedure with transplantation.
- Cut off the strips with a scalpel or a sharp sterile knife (calcined with fire or treated with a solution of potassium permanganate).
- Each piece should contain 3 viable pseudobulbs (ideally 1 young and 2 old).
- Be sure to dust the cuts with wood ash or powder with crushed charcoal powder.
- Plant in potting soil for adult orchids.
Leaves turn yellow and wither
With excessive watering in dampness, fungal infections develop. From what the root system is affected by rot. When the leaves turn yellow and lose their elasticity, it is worth thinking about the problem. Dry the substrate first. Gently pick up the soil - you can smell a rotten smell, see moldy bark or even affected roots. In any case, an emergency transplant will be required. We cut off the traces of rot with a sharp knife, treat the healthy parts with a fungicide and transplant them into fresh soil, disinfect the container too.
Black dots on the leaves
Pests, namely spider mites, appear extremely rarely. Overdried indoor air is a provocative factor for them. If there are black dots on the surface of the sheet, look at their turnover - clusters of whitish cobwebs will appear there. Wipe the sheet plates with a cotton pad moistened with soapy water or ethanol. If the "attack" continues, resort to the use of acaricides.
Yellow and brown dots on the leaves
Yellow or brown spots appear on the leaves as a consequence of sunburn. The light should fall on the flower diffused.
Leaves and pseudobulbs wrinkle
Leaves shrivel at low humidity. Pseudobulbs dry out from insufficient watering. In winter, with a dry period, they can wrinkle, but during the rest of the year this phenomenon is not normal. It is necessary to adjust the watering mode.
Colmanara Wildcat or Wildcat Colmanara Wildcat
Colmanara Wildcat 'Green Valley' photo
This is a whole series of hybrids, an outstanding achievement of breeders. The colors of the petals, sepals and lips are in yellow shades. Ornament in the form of stripes, spots and burgundy lines complements the picture. The lip is distinguished by its large size and bizarre shape. The inflorescence consists of 15-20 corollas. The pleasant aroma is more intense at sunrise or sunset.
Colmanara Wildcat 'Yellow Butterfly' photo
There is a variety of Colmanara Wildcat Bobcat or Lynx. Flowers of a dark cherry hue seem almost black. Thin yellow edging adds feline mystery. The large two-lobed lip is equipped with a bright outgrowth. The aroma is very light.
Colmanara Wildcat 'Black Cat'
Colmanara Wildcat ‘Black Cat’ is a very popular variety with rich maroon tones and velvety petals. The tips are slightly yellow, the centers are edged in white and yellow.
Colmanara Tropic Jungle
In structure, the inflorescence resembles a radish: twigs with corollas extend in different directions on a high peduncle. For such severity, support is often required. At Kolmanara Tropic Jungle, the color palette presents a whole extravaganza of colors. Includes white, red, yellow, brown, pinkish shades. A large white-red lip with a fleshy outgrowth attracts attention in the first place. Long flowering coupled with a delicate aroma "tempts" to settle the plant in your home.
Colmanara Masai Red
The orchid is a record holder, since up to fifty corollas bloom at the same time on the flowering stem. Sepals with petals form the shape of a five-pointed star, their color is brown-burgundy with darker spots. The large and prominent lip “glows” with a bright red color. In diameter, the flower is 7-8 cm. The lanceolate leaves of a light green color give finesse a bluish tint.
Colmanara Masai Splash photo
There is a variety of Kolmanara Masai Splash, which has a deep red lip decorated with casual white blots at the bottom.
Colmanara Painter's Delight
In this species, breeders managed to strengthen the peduncle, and it rises evenly, but it is better to build a support. Bending down, it is difficult for him to hold on to fifty flowers on his own. The color palette combines white, cream, brownish and pink shades. Flowering lasts over two months. A pleasant bonus is a light vanilla aroma.
Includes small or medium-sized birds (body length from 12 to 30 cm), in the plumage of which black, blue, white, brown or gray are combined in contrast. The beak is strong, hooked. The wings are short or long, rounded, the tail is long. They inhabit forests and shrubs, feed on insects and other small animals (up to small lizards and frogs), which they catch among the branches. Nests are made on trees, 3-4 white or green eggs with brown spots are laid.
Wangs are common in Madagascar, continental Africa, South and Southeast Asia.