Street decorative flowering
Not every owner of a personal plot has heard about this plant, much less saw it or planted it in his garden. Meanwhile, the root of codonopsis has been used in Chinese medicine for centuries so actively that local healers cannot imagine their medical practice without it. In terms of its medicinal properties, it is comparable to ginseng and is considered its substitute, for which it is called the ginseng of the poor in the Middle Kingdom. If you look at the photo of a blooming codonopsis, it becomes obvious that it is valued not only for its healing power - this curly perennial is extremely attractive in appearance. And since the cultivation of codonopsis cannot be called difficult and burdensome, it can become a worthy candidate for planting both in the pharmaceutical garden, and simply as a decoration of the site.
- General description with photo
- Varieties of codonopsis with a photo
- Codonopsis lanceolate
- Ussuri codonopsis
- Codonopsis clematis
- Codonopsis small-haired
- Growing and care, placement
- Top dressing
- Growing from seeds
- Transfer to exhaust gas
- Pests and diseases
- Useful properties of codonopsis
General description with photo
Codonopsis is a genus of herbaceous flowering perennials that belong to the Kolokolchikov family. The natural habitat is the Far East, the countries of East Asia. In the overwhelming majority, it has the shape of a liana, but sometimes it can take the form of a branchy bush or creep along a horizontal plane. This plant has a characteristic pungent unpleasant odor, especially acutely felt when broken or rubbed. Shoots are often curly, in rare varieties they can be erect and pubescent.
The root of the codonopsis is thickened, hard, outwardly resembling a daikon or radish. The diameter is usually 1.5-2.5 cm. The petiolate leaves have a regular arrangement and dense small two-sided pubescence, they can be of different widths and shapes from lanceolate to oval, depending on the species. Support is needed to grow liana-like varieties. The plant does not have a mustache; it clings to the support by the shoots themselves.
The liana blooms in the second half or towards the end of summer and decorates the garden with its bell-shaped buds for 1-2 months. The flowers are bell-shaped, drooping, located singly. Colored varied and heterogeneous, from greenish-white to blue-violet, with contrasting spots, patterns and pronounced venation on the inner surface of the corolla. They emit a not very pleasant smell, which is not critical in open ground conditions.
The fruit is a flattened capsule, inside of which from 3 to 5 chambers are found. As it ripens, it opens from above, pouring out a large number of small rounded brownish seeds.
Codonopsis is widely used in places of its natural growth - in medicine and cooking of Asian peoples (in the national Korean and Chinese cuisine), as well as as a decorative element of vertical gardening.
Growing and care, placement
Most of the codonopsis species are unpretentious to the conditions of detention, but almost all of them do not tolerate cold winds even in summer. Therefore, it is worth placing them on unsaleable plots, near fences or walls of structures, especially since this is how they look the most profitable. The plant is considered shade-tolerant and even shade-loving, moderate lighting will be enough for it. Provided there is no draft and the movement of cold air currents, it can grow even from the northern side of hedges and gazebos (but not houses and other high blank walls).
It is more advantageous from a decorative point of view to plant the codonopsis on a dais so that the flowers are above eye level, since the true beauty lies within its drooping bells.
The soil on the site should be light, not acidic and moderately drained. The close occurrence of groundwater is not scary for a plant, since in the wild it likes to settle along the banks of reservoirs and in flooded meadows.
The watering regime directly depends on the placement. If the codonopsis is planted in an area open to the sun, it will require regular abundant watering. If the liana is planted in partial shade and in a well-moistened place, then in the presence of regular rainfall, it can not be watered. Due to the voluminous long cone-shaped root, the transplantation of adult specimens is considered unacceptable.
It is necessary to plant this plant taking into account the fact that it will not be possible to transplant it in the future.
Top dressing is not required for codonopsis, at least during the first 2 years of its growth. Subsequently, you can use organic fertilizers in spring and autumn and apply the mineral complex before budding begins.
Clematis and lanceolate codonopsis are the most hardy, however, and should be covered for the winter if the risk of severe frosts remains, especially with low or no snow cover. Risk factors should also include the strong soil moisture in the place of growth, because of which there is a danger of winter freezing of the roots. The aboveground part of the plant dies off every year, and then grows back, so in winter it can be cut off at the root. For shelter and insulation, a 10 cm layer of mulch made from a mixture of peat and compost is perfect.
Growing from seeds
Most varieties of codonopsis can also be propagated vegetatively by cuttings, root cuttings, and root shoots. But most often the plant is propagated by seed.
Freshly harvested codonopsis seeds give the best germination. If older seed is used, stratification will be required. The seeds will need to be folded into a damp cloth and bag and kept for 5 weeks at minimum freezing temperatures in the refrigerator. Sowing in winter is possible, then the stratification process will take place naturally. Planting time for seedlings is March.
Seedling care at home is standard. They need a bright location, moderate warm watering and subsequent transplantation into separate containers at the stage of formation of the fifth true leaf. When transplanting into pots, a strong root build-up should be taken into account, therefore, deep containers should be chosen. Peat cups (but not tablets) work well.
Transfer to exhaust gas
Transfer to open ground in the seedling growing method is carried out in May, when stable heat is established. If the seedlings grew in peat cups, the seedlings are immersed in the ground with them. In other cases, the transplant is carried out by the transshipment method with the maximum preservation of the earthen coma. The planting pattern can be quite dense, especially when decorating hedges. Immediately you should take care of the installation of supports for the future fastening of the growing vines.
The first flowering after planting with seeds usually occurs in the 3rd year of life.
Young seedlings during the first year of life must be especially carefully protected from slugs.
Pests and diseases
Since the plant was transferred to our gardens in almost unchanged natural form, in which it is found in the wild, it has a high immunity against diseases and pests and is practically not affected by them. The exception is slugs, from which, as mentioned above, still fragile seedlings must be protected.
Useful properties of codonopsis
The benefits of this plant lie not only in its radish root, similar to the rhizome of ginseng, although it is he who finds the main application in folk medicine. The entire aerial part - foliage, flowers and ripe seeds - also has medicinal properties. The collection of roots is carried out closer to winter, before the soil freezes, the seed material - as it ripens, and the green mass and flowers - at the very beginning of flowering, at the stage of opening the buds.
The plant contains many valuable organic compounds, essential oils, pigments, useful acids, vitamins, a number of trace elements and other useful substances. Of the pronounced medicinal properties, mention should be made of antitussive and hypotensive effects, the ability to influence the formation of leukocytes, enhance the adaptive properties of the body, its ability to neutralize negative and variable environmental factors. With the regular use of decoctions and tinctures of codonopsis root, potency in men and mental stability in response to stressful situations noticeably increase.
The plant also has contraindications. Preparations based on it are unacceptable for use by pregnant and lactating women, as well as hearts with severe tachycardia.
Medosos-pestrospinka - Australian species of passerine birds from the family, allocated to a monotypic genus honey-suckers (Plectorhyncha). This honey sucker is common in the east and south of Australia. Body length - 22.5 cm, wing length - 10 cm, tail length - 11 cm. It is found in forests and woodlands, usually in coastal areas of rivers, as well as among mangroves and in urban gardens. Birds feed mainly on insects and spiders, but they also like to feast on nectar, fruits and berries of plants.
It reads backwards as: aknipsortsep-sosodem
Meadosos-pestrospinka consists of 20 letters
Medosos-pestrospinka (lat. Plectorhyncha lanceolata ) Is an Australian species of passerine birds from the honeyfed family ( Meliphagidae ), allocated to a monotypic genus honey-suckers (Plectorhyncha). This honey sucker is common in the east and south of Australia. Body length - 22.5 cm, wing length - 10 cm, tail length - 11 cm. It is found in forests and woodlands, usually in coastal areas of rivers, as well as among mangroves and in urban gardens. Birds feed mainly on insects and spiders, but they also like to feast on nectar, fruits and berries of plants.