Among all the strange plants in the world, there are even some that consume flesh .
Well, maybe not quite flesh, but insects, but, nevertheless, they are considered carnivorous ... All carnivorous plants are found in areas where the soil is poor in nutrients.
These amazing plants are carnivores , as they catch insects and arthropods, secrete digestive juices, dissolve the prey, and during this process they receive some or most of the nutrients .
Here are the most famous carnivorous plants that use different types of traps to lure your victim .
Sarracenia, or North American carnivorous plant, is a genus of carnivorous plants that are found in areas of the east coast of North America, Texas, the Great Lakes, southeastern Canada, but most are found only in the southeastern states.
This plant uses water lily-shaped trapping leaves as a trap ... The leaves of the plant have turned into a funnel with a hood-like formation that grows over the hole, preventing rainwater from entering, which can dilute the digestive juices. Insects are attracted by the color, smell and secretions, similar to nectar on the edge of a water lily. The slippery surface and the narcotic lining the nectar encourage insects to fall inward, where they die and are digested by protease and other enzymes.
Nepentes, a tropical carnivorous plant, is another type of trap carnivorous plant that uses trapping water lily-shaped leaves. There are about 130 species of these plants, which are widespread in China, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Madagascar, Seychelles, Australia, India, Borneo and Sumatra. This plant has also received the nickname " monkey cup "as researchers often observed monkeys drinking rainwater from them.
Most of the Nepentes species are tall vines, about 10-15 meters, with a shallow root system. Leaves are often visible from the stem with a tendril that protrudes from the tip of the leaf and is often used for climbing. At the end of the tendril, the water lily forms a small vessel, which then expands to form a bowl.
The trap contains liquid secreted by the plant, which can have a watery or sticky texture, and in which insects, which the plant eats, drown. The bottom of the bowl contains glands that absorb and distribute nutrients. Most of the plants are small and they only catch insects, but large species such as Nepenthes Rafflesiana and Nepenthes Rajah , can catch small mammals such as rats .
3. Predatory plant genlisea (Genlisea)
Genlisea consists of 21 species, usually grows in humid terrestrial and semi-aquatic environments and is common in Africa and Central and South America.
Genlisea is a small herb with yellow flowers that use a crab pincer trap ... It is easy to fall into such traps, but it is impossible to get out of them because of the small hairs that grow towards the entrance or, as in this case, forward in a spiral.
These plants have two different types of leaves: photosynthetic leaves above the ground and special underground leaves that lure, trap and digest small organisms such as protozoa. The underground leaves also serve as roots, such as water absorption and attachment, since the plant itself does not have them. These underground leaves form hollow tubes that are spiral-shaped. Small microbes enter these tubes through the flow of water, but cannot escape from them. When they get to the exit, they will already be digested.
4. Californian Darlingtonia (Darlingtonia Californica)
Californian Darlingtonia is the only member of the Darlingtonia genus that grows in northern California and Oregon. It grows in swamps and springs with cold running water and considered a rare plant .
Darlingtonia leaves are bulbous and form a cavity with an opening under the balloon-like structure and two sharp leaves that hang down like fangs.
Unlike many carnivorous plants, it does not use trapping leaves to trap, but uses a crab claw type trap. Once the insect is inside, they are confused by the specks of light that pass through the plant. They land in thousands of thick, fine hairs that grow inward. Insects can follow the hairs deeper into the digestive organs, but cannot go back.
5. Pemphigus (Utricularia)
Pemphigus is a genus of carnivorous plants, consisting of 220 species. They are found in fresh water or moist soil as terrestrial or aquatic species on all continents except Antarctica.
These are the only carnivorous plants that use bubble trap ... Most species have very small traps in which they can catch very small prey, such as protozoa. Traps range in size from 0.2 mm to 1.2 cm, and larger traps will trap larger prey such as water fleas or tadpoles.
The bubbles are under negative pressure relative to their surroundings. The opening of the trap opens, sucks in the insect and surrounding water, closes the valve, and all this happens in thousandths of a second.
6. Chiryanka (Pinguicula)
Grease is a carnivorous plant that uses sticky, glandular leaves to lure and digest insects. Nutrients from insects supplement mineral-poor soil. There are approximately 80 species of these plants in the Americas, Europe and Asia.
The leaves are juicy and usually bright green or pink in color. There are two special types of cells on the upper side of the leaves. One is known as the pedicle gland and is made up of secretory cells at the apex of a single stem cell. These cells produce a slimy secretion that forms visible droplets on the leaf surface and acts like Velcro ... Other cells are called sessile glands, and they sit on the surface of the leaf, producing enzymes like amylase, protease, and esterase that aid in the digestive process. While many types of birchworms are carnivorous all year round, many types form a dense winter rosette that is not carnivorous. When summer comes, it blooms and has new carnivorous leaves.
The sundew is one of the largest genera of carnivorous plants, with at least 194 species. They are found on all continents with the exception of Antarctica. Dewdrop can form root or vertical rosettes from 1cm to 1m in height and can live up to 50 years.
Sundews are characterized by moving glandular tentacles topped with sweet sticky secretions. When an insect lands on sticky tentacles, the plant begins to move the rest of the tentacles in the direction of the victim in order to further drive it into a trap. Once the insect is trapped, small sessile glands absorb it and nutrients are used for plant growth.
Biblis or rainbow plant is a small species of carnivorous plant native to Australia. The rainbow plant gets its name from the attractive slime that coats the leaves in the sun. Despite the fact that these plants are similar to sundews, they are in no way related to the latter and differ in zygomorphic flowers with five curved stamens.
Its leaves have a round cross section, and most often they are elongated and conical at the end. The surface of the leaves is completely covered with glandular hairs that secrete a sticky mucous substance that serves as a trap for small insects that perch on the leaves or tentacles of the plant.
9. Aldrovanda vesiculosa
Aldrovanda bubbly is a magnificent rootless, carnivorous aquatic plant. It is usually feeds on small aquatic vertebrates using a trap .
The plant consists mainly of free-floating stems that reach 6-11 cm in length. Trap leaves, 2-3 mm in size, grow in 5-9 curls in the center of the stem. The traps attach to the petioles, which contain air that allows the plant to swim. It is a fast growing plant and can grow up to 4-9 mm per day and in some cases produce a new curl every day. While the plant grows at one end, the other end gradually dies.
The trap of the plant consists of two lobes that slam shut like a trap. The holes of the trap are directed outward and are covered with fine hairs that allow the trap to close around any victim that gets close enough. The trap closes in tens of milliseconds, which is one example. the fastest movement in the animal kingdom .
10. Venus flytrap (Dionaea Muscipula)
Venus flytrap is perhaps the most famous carnivorous plant that feeds mainly on insects and arachnids ... It is a small plant with 4-7 leaves that grow from a short underground stem.
Its leaf plate is divided into two areas: flat, long, heart-shaped petioles capable of photosynthesis and a pair of terminal lobes hanging from the main vein of the leaf, which form a trap. The inner surface of these lobes contains red pigment, and the edges secrete mucus.
The leaf lobes move abruptly, snapping shut when its sensory hairs are stimulated. The plant is so developed that it can distinguish a living stimulus from a nonliving one ... Its leaves collapse in 0.1 second. They are bordered by cilia, rigid, like thorns, which hold the prey. As soon as the victim is caught, the inner surface of the leaves is gradually stimulated, and the edges of the lobes grow and merge, closing the trap and creating a closed stomach, where the prey is digested.
See also other dictionaries:
Fijian large-billed flycatcher - fidžinė didžiasnapė musinukė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clytorhynchus vitiensis angl. lesser shrikebill vok. Fidschiwürgermonarch, m rus. Fijian large-billed flycatcher, f pranc. monarque des Fidji, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Monarchs -? Monarchs ... Wikipedia
Clytorhynchus vitiensis - fidžinė didžiasnapė musinukė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clytorhynchus vitiensis angl. lesser shrikebill vok. Fidschiwürgermonarch, m rus. Fijian large-billed flycatcher, f pranc. monarque des Fidji, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Fidschiwürgermonarch - fidžinė didžiasnapė musinukė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clytorhynchus vitiensis angl. lesser shrikebill vok. Fidschiwürgermonarch, m rus. Fijian large-billed flycatcher, f pranc. monarque des Fidji, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
fidžinė didžiasnapė musinukė - statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clytorhynchus vitiensis angl. lesser shrikebill vok. Fidschiwürgermonarch, m rus. Fijian large-billed flycatcher, f pranc. monarque des Fidji, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - didžiasnapės… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
lesser shrikebill - fidžinė didžiasnapė musinukė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clytorhynchus vitiensis angl. lesser shrikebill vok. Fidschiwürgermonarch, m rus. Fijian large-billed flycatcher, f pranc. monarque des Fidji, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
monarque des Fidji - fidžinė didžiasnapė musinukė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clytorhynchus vitiensis angl. lesser shrikebill vok. Fidschiwürgermonarch, m rus. Fijian large-billed flycatcher, f pranc. monarque des Fidji, m ryšiai:…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas