Bird Families

Encyclopedia | Desert Shrike, Wiki


The very name of the bird - desert sparrow (Passer simplex) talks about its habitat. It differs from the house sparrow in its smaller size, light color and environmental features associated with life in the desert.

The back of the adult male is light gray. The stripe running from the beak through the eye to the ear and the throat are black. The tail and wings are brownish with light stripes. Cheeks, chest and abdomen are white with an ocher tinge. Females and young birds have a brownish color instead of black. The female has a dark brown stripe from the beak to the eye. This color feature allows you to more effectively hunt for insects. His voice differs sharply from the voices of most sparrows, short but varied trills are heard in it, sometimes reminiscent of goldfinches, and sometimes the usual sparrow chirping is also different.

Inhabits sandy and hilly deserts with thickets of shrubs and trees. In the CIS, these are the eastern and central parts of the Karakum Desert, and outside the CIS - Eastern Iran. Two other subspecies of the desert sparrow live in the deserts of North and East Africa. Birds settle in saxaul thickets, where they build large spherical nests with a cylindrical entrance. The entrance hangs down and is directed obliquely from top to bottom. The thick and loose outer layer is built from dry stems of grasses, thin branches of saxaul and bast fibers. The inside of the nest is lined with soft crushed bast fibers.

The Desert Sparrow is a resident bird, keeping in pairs or small flocks. Breeding in April - May. In clutch there are 5-6 white eggs with dark speck. Incubation, unlike other sparrow species, begins immediately after the first egg is laid. In desert sparrows, the so-called "fictitious placement" is noted - the stay of birds in the nest without contact with the eggs. "Fictitious incubation" is necessary to improve the thermal insulation of the nest and stabilize the moisture regime in it. It is a behavioral adaptation to living conditions in hot desert climates. Another adaptation of the desert sparrow is the perfection of the insulating properties of the nest.

Vladimir Ostapenko. "Birds in your home". Moscow, "Ariadia", 1996

Birds of the Red Book of the USSR

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One sparrow is also included in the list of protected birds. Deserted! We have quite a few different sparrows. Brownie and field are widespread, they are not only in the north and north-east of our vast country. The black-breasted sparrow lives in Central Asia and on the western coast of the Caspian Sea. The red sparrow is found on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, and the saxaul sparrow is common in the deserts of southern Kazakhstan and Central Asia. The desert one lives only in one place - in the Karakum Desert. This is a very rare bird. In the most famous and studied place of its habitat - in the Repetek reserve, there are only a few dozen pairs of this bird.

I have never been to the Karakum desert, and I have not seen a desert sparrow in nature. There are not so many people in the world who have observed this bird in a natural setting. To look at the desert sparrow, I had to resort to museum collections.

I took a large black box with the words Passer simplex off the shelf and opened it. There were kept 3 carcasses of a desert sparrow. This is not much, if we remember that the collection of birds of the Zoological Museum of Moscow State University numbers more than 100 thousand birds. Having laid out the birds on the table in a row, he began to examine the labels attached to the paws of the exhibits.

Three birds were brought from Africa by the famous Russian zoologist and traveler N.A.Severtsev. All the rest were mined in Turkmenistan, near the village of Repetek, located in the Karakum desert. The female and young birds are light gray, almost white, only the wings have a brownish tint, the males are slightly darker, although they are also light gray. Birds do not look like our sparrows at all. This bird is a typical inhabitant of sandy deserts, a sedentary bird, it does not fly away from the Karakum Desert, and for all its rarity for the small patch on which it lives, it can even be called ordinary. It never occurred to the inhabitants of the village of Repetek that sparrows fluttered around them all day long, which are very rare for the fauna of our country.

Desert Sparrow lives in the sands among the dunes, with rare thickets of white saxaul, sandy acacia, kandym and selin. Sparrows build their nests on them. It is interesting that sparrows settle next to birds of prey and crows, arranging their nests usually under their nests, for example, under the nest of the golden eagle. So they are better protected from the sun and overheating, which is very important in conditions of unbearable heat. And big brothers patronize sparrows, do not touch them.

Desert sparrows nest not in colonies, as previously thought, but in separate pairs. It's just that a sparrow family settles from year to year in the same place near old nests, and this gives the impression of a nesting colony. The shape of the nest of these birds is very peculiar: a ball with a long and narrow entrance on the side, always facing north. Large, bulky nests of sparrows are built from densely intertwined twigs. They are extremely "compacted", because in a very hot desert climate it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature in the nest. Scientists have found that the daily temperature in the nest fluctuates within 10 °, while outside it is up to 20 ° or more. But in these places the air can be heated up to 50 °, while the sand heats up to much higher temperatures. When it is very hot, the hatching sparrow comes off the eggs and sits next to it, sticking its head out of the nest.

Few birds can live in the desert, among the sands, in a hot and waterless climate, but the desert sparrow has adapted and feels very good here. To place these birds in the fields of the Moscow region, they are unlikely to survive.

Family Shrike Laniidae.

Desert shrike Lanius lahtora. The site of bird lovers in European Russia, the largest database of bird photographs. Birdwatcher Communication Center. Birds of Northern Cyprus Antey Tour Holidays in Northern Cyprus. Desert shrike Lanius meridionalis on prickly pear cactus. birds, with the exception of the desert shrike with its powerful predatory. Pdf 1.13 MB. E-books and articles from the catalog On the encounters of the gray shrike in Kalmykia. Download Rucont online library.

Gray shrike Lanius excubitor Birds of the European part.

Card Masked Shrike Singing bird. In Ukraine observed on the island From other collections. Desert Shrike Animals. Kyrgyzstan July 2020 Nestory Tours. Birds. Shrike is gray. Gray Shrike Lanius excubitor Great Shrike lives in forest, forest-steppe and even desert areas.

Common gray shrike KK Rostov region.

The common gray shrike Lanius excubitor most often has this form, which usually stands out as a separate species, the desert shrike. A.F. Ladder Songbirds Gray shrike. Jay: Mongolian desert. Saxaul jay Animal footprints paw prints of animals and birds. The Desert Shrike is slightly smaller and lighter than the Great Gray Shrike: its length is 25 cm, weight. Disguised shrike Singing bird. In Ukraine. The gray shrike is one of the largest shrikes of our fauna. this bird allows her to master the desert and mountain at the same time. Associations for the word Desert Word associations network. Japanese Quail. Genus Desert Partridge - Ammoperdix Gould, 1851 Desert Shrike - Lanius pallidirostris Cassin, 1851 - Steppe Gray Shrike.

Lark, swallow, pipit, wagtail, bulbul, kinglet.

Excubitor occupies most of its range in the south, in contact with forest-steppe L. e. homeyeri and probably desert L. e. Gray shrike Russian Nature Archive. Common shrike Lanius excubitor Linnaeus Shrike is folk, ancient, at least from the 15th century. Desert Gray Shrike. Revision of avifauna and modern list of birds in Kazakhstan. The young bird looks like a young black-fronted shrike. Desert forms isolated from the northern subspecies. Desert Shrike Birds. Common shrike Lanius excubitor Unlike the black-faced shrike, the forehead is gray or whitish, the bottom is without Desert shrike Lanius lahtora. Travel to Badkhyz evgeny nikolaevich panov. Each such bush contained a brood of Desert Shrike Lanius meridionalis. Adult shrike shouts in a variety of ways.

Desert shrike card of the user Svetlana F. in Yandex.

Is that the gray desert shrike resembled its size and color. But one had only to observe the bird at least a little, as it became. Shrike is a test word. Genus Lanius Shrike Desert shrike Lanius sphenocercus Wedge-tailed shrike Lanius excubitoroides Gray-shouldered shrike. Gray Shrike Lanius excubitor Great Gray Shrike. The young bird looks like a young black-fronted shrike. Desert forms, geographically and prominently isolated from the northern subspecies.

The shrike is desert.

Title of the photo, Desert Shrike. Detachment, Sparrow Passeriformes. Family, Shrike Laniidae. Scientific name of the species. Desert shrike Lanius lahtora. Birds of European Russia. DESERT, adjective. Living in a remote, remote, wild, uncrowded area. DESERT FORTY, Sustainable combination. On the question of the vertebrate fauna of the peninsula. Desert shrike Lanius meridionalis. These unusual birds have also been seen in their love of teasing the larger ones. BIRDS OF NORTHERN EURASIA Birds fauna of Northern Eurasia. The shrike is desert. Photo Voice Video. lat. Lanius meridionalis, eng. Southern Gray Shrike. big sorokoput pustynnyy.jpg.

Excerpt from Desert Sparrow

Moreover, on August 26, Napoleon's runny nose did not matter that the testimony of writers that, due to Napoleon's runny nose, his disposition and orders during the battle were not as good as the previous ones were completely unfair. The disposition written here was not in the least worse, and even better than all the previous dispositions, according to which battles were won. The imaginary orders during the battle were also no worse than the previous ones, but exactly the same as always. But these dispositions and orders seem only worse than the previous ones, because the Battle of Borodino was the first that Napoleon did not win. All the most beautiful and profound dispositions and orders seem very bad, and every military scientist with a significant air criticizes them when the battle for them is not won, and the very bad dispositions and orders seem very good, and serious people in whole volumes prove the merits of bad orders. when the battle is won over them. The disposition compiled by Weyrother in the Battle of Austerlitz was an example of perfection in works of this kind, but it was nevertheless condemned, condemned for its perfection, for too much detail. Napoleon in the battle of Borodino performed his duty as a representative of power just as well, and even better, than in other battles. He did nothing harmful to the course of the battle, he leaned towards more prudent opinions, he did not confuse, did not contradict himself, did not get scared and did not run away from the battlefield, and with his great tact and experience of war calmly and dignifiedly performed his role of seeming command ...

STONE SPARROW (Petronia petronia) Birds / Passerines / Weavers

The STONE SPARROW (Petronia petronia) is slightly larger than the brownie, weighing 30 - 36 g. It is a lively noisy bird, which is easiest to detect by its voice. It moves on the ground in jumps, flies quickly and easily, rises high and can stay in the air for a long time. The color of the plumage of the stone sparrow is modest, monotonous brown. It differs from the field and house sparrows by the presence of a white pre-apical stripe on the tail, a yellow spot on the chest and the absence of light transverse stripes on the upper part of the wing. This sparrow is widespread in Southern Europe, North-West Africa and from Asia Minor and Israel to India, China, Mongolia and Transbaikalia. Occurs sporadically everywhere. In the northern parts of the range it is a migratory bird, in the southern parts it is sedentary. It settles on rocky and clayey cliffs, cliffs and rocky mountain slopes. The stone sparrow starts breeding early, in April. Males at this time sing diligently. Breeds in colonies, often several dozen pairs. In clutch there are 4-7, usually 5-6 eggs of white or greenish-white color with dark specks. Old birds feed their chicks with insects. The chicks stay in the nest for about 20 days and become flying in June. At first, broods live separately and only at the beginning of autumn they huddle in flocks, which, in search of food, begin to lead a nomadic lifestyle. The stone sparrow nests twice a summer. This sparrow feeds on insects and berries. If there are fields nearby, it feeds on grain and then can cause significant damage.

DESERT SPARROW (Passer simplex) Birds / Passerines / Weavers

DESERT SPARROW (Passer simplex) differs well from other species of sparrows in light color of plumage. His voice is not at all like the voice of most other sparrows, and only some of the sounds he makes resemble the chirping of a house sparrow. Distributed in North and East Africa, East Iran. On the territory of the former USSR, it is found in the Eastern and Central Karakum and Southern Kyzyl Kum. Inhabits sandy and hilly deserts with shrubby vegetation. Leads a sedentary lifestyle. It feeds on larvae and pupae of small insects and plant seeds.


Lives in deserts with saxaul thickets. Leads a sedentary lifestyle, usually keeps in pairs or small flocks. Does not form large flocks. Builds nests on the branches of saxaul. They are spherical, with a tubular entrance, lowered down. In clutch there are 5-6 white eggs with dark streaks. Unlike other sparrows, hatching begins with the laying of the first egg.

Like its relative the saxaul sparrow, the desert sparrow has a pleasant voice. The song consists of melodic trills, somewhat reminiscent of a goldfinch song. It publishes the desert sparrow and the chirping we are used to.

Saxaul sparrow

335. Saxaul Sparrow - Passer ammodendri Gould (Table LIX) IN. From a sparrow. OP. In the male, the back and upper tail are yellowish-gray, the stripe in the middle of the head, streaks on the back and throat are black. A wide buffy-red stripe above the eye. The wings and tail are brown. The chest, abdomen and sides of the head are whitish. Females and juveniles are colored paler, they do not have black plumage. Keeps in flocks. G. A melodic chirp. From. It differs from other sparrows in a reddish stripe above the eye. B. Thickets of saxaul and tugai in the valleys of desert rivers. HP. A nomadic and migratory bird. Mr. Nest in hollows, sometimes in buildings. In clutch there are 4-6 white eggs with gray-red specks.