Bird Families

Bush woodpeckers

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Gabonese Bush Woodpecker

The Gabonese bush woodpecker is a bird of the woodpecker family. Distributed in equatorial Africa. It settles on forest edges, among young growth, on the outskirts of farms.

1. Description

Small size woodpecker, length 16 - 17 cm, weight 24 - 30 g. The beak is rather short, with a wide base. In males, a red "cap" stands out on the crown and back of the head, while in females it is brown. The "whiskers" are either strongly reduced or absent altogether. Chin, neck, chest and belly are selected yellow color with frequent black longitudinal streaks. The top, including the flight and tail feathers, is a solid dark green. The most similar species are the Cardinal Dendropicos fuscescens and the Ugandan Dendropicos poecilolaemus bush woodpeckers. In the first, the head and lower part of the body are whitish or slightly yellowish but not rich yellow! with dark streaks, olive green top with gray mottled pattern. The second species has a lemon-yellow belly without streaks, the top is the same as that of the Cardinal. The male African Elliott woodpecker Dendropicos elliotii has a similar plumage color on the back and belly, but it is noticeably larger and has a black spot on the crown, and in addition, it inhabits completely different biotopes - a closed forest.

2. Dissemination

Distributed in the equatorial belt of western and central Africa. Two isolated areas of the range are known. The larger one covers an area from southern Nigeria and southern Cameroon south to the Angolan province of Cabinda and the lower Congo River, southeast through the middle of the Republic of the Congo to the central and eastern regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Western Kasai province. The second section to the east of the first occupies a relatively small area from the Semliki River Valley in the north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, southeast to southwestern Uganda, then south to the western slopes of the Rwenzori Mountains.

Despite the fact that the word "savanna" is present in the name of the woodpecker, this species has nothing to do with the savanna. In the same way, it does not occur in floodplain forests and generally avoids solid woodlands. Its typical habitats are forest edges, young plantings and the outskirts of farms. As a rule, it nests up to 1400 m above sea level.

3. Nutrition

It feeds on insects, mostly ants, and xylophagous insect larvae. Food is obtained in the crown of trees and underbrush, catches both openly living insects and those hiding under the bark. In search of the latter, he sometimes plucks off pieces of bark.

4. Reproduction

Information is very scarce. It has been reported that in mid-October, a male gouged a tree trunk in Nigeria. Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo recorded breeding birds in September and October, and Uganda in June.

Introduction

Bush woodpeckers (lat. Dendropicos ) Is a genus of birds of the woodpecker family. It unites 14-15 species common on the African continent.

1. General characteristics

The beak is slightly bent downwards. The claws are very well developed, which indicates a predominantly arboreal lifestyle. The plumage color has much in common with representatives of another exclusively African genus - camppeter woodpeckers (Campethera). Like the campeters, the feathering of the back and wings of all species of bush woodpeckers has different shades of green: from emerald in gray-breasted woodpeckers to golden-green in golden-backed woodpeckers, olive in yellow-crested woodpeckers and gray-green in lesser woodpeckers. In addition, in most species, the feathering of flight feathers is yellow. On the contrary, the color of the underside of the body is the most diverse: in the gray-breasted woodpecker it is whitish-gray, in the Elliot woodpecker it is lemon-yellow or buffy, in the red-bellied woodpecker it is mottled black and white with a wide red stripe in the middle, in the golden-backed woodpecker it is whitish with large dark longitudinal streaks, etc. Sexual dimorphism is manifested in the absence of red on the crown and back of the head in females, while in males it is present to one degree or another. Half of the species have developed "whiskers" to one degree or another, but in all cases they are completely black without any red markings. White throat is characteristic only of the female bearded woodpecker, in all other cases this feature is characteristic only of males.

2. Types

  • Lesser Bush Woodpecker ( Dendropicos elachus )
  • Ugandan Bush Woodpecker ( Dendropicos poecilolaemus )
  • Golden-backed bush woodpecker ( Dendropicos abyssinicus )
  • Cardinal Bush Woodpecker ( Dendropicos fuscescens )
  • Gabonese Bush Woodpecker ( Dendropicos gabonensis )
  • Stirling bush woodpecker ( Dendropicos stierlingi )
  • Dendropicos lugubris
  • Bearded woodpecker ( Dendropicos namaquus )
  • Red-bellied African woodpecker ( Dendropicos pyrrhogaster )
  • Yellow-crested woodpecker ( Dendropicos xantholophus )
  • Elliot African Woodpecker ( Dendropicos elliotii )
  • Gray-breasted woodpecker ( Dendropicos goertae )
  • Dendropicos spodocephalus
  • Golden-backed African woodpecker ( Dendropicos griseocephalus )
  • Strickland woodpecker ( Dendropicos obsoletus )

Notes (edit)

  1. Boehme R.L., Flint V.E. A five-language dictionary of animal names. Birds. Latin, Russian, English, German, French. / under the general editorship of Acad. V.E.Sokolova. - M .: Rus. lang., "RUSSO", 1994. - P. 197. - 2030 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00643-0
  2. Winkler, Hans, Christie, David, Nurney, David. Woodpeckers: An Identification Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World. - Houghton Mifflin, 1995. - P. 11. - ISBN 0395720435
  3. Winkler, Hans, Christie, David A. 2002. Family Picidae (Woodpeckers) in del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J., eds. Volume 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers // Handbook of the birds of the world. - Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, 2002. - P. 306-308. - ISBN 84-87334-37-7

Literature

  • Winkler, Hans, Christie, David, Nurney, David. Woodpeckers: An Identification Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World. - Houghton Mifflin, 1995. - P. 11. - ISBN 0395720435 (English)
  • Winkler, Hans, Christie, David A. 2002. Family Picidae (Woodpeckers) in del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J., eds. Volume 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers // Handbook of the birds of the world. - Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, 2002. - P. 306-308. - ISBN 84-87334-37-7 (English)
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This abstract is based on an article from the Russian Wikipedia. Synchronization completed 07/13/11 11:35:22 AM
Similar abstracts: Bush flycatcher, Bush bunting, Woodpeckers, Sucker woodpeckers, Spotted woodpeckers, Asian woodpeckers, Green woodpeckers, Royal woodpeckers, Avoid woodpeckers.

Usage Information

Photo "Cardinal Woodpecker in Kruger National Park, South Africa, Species Dendropicos fuscescens family Picidae" can be used for personal and commercial purposes according to the conditions of the purchased Royalty-free license. The image is available for download in high resolution quality up to 4257x2838.

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