Bird Families

Amadines, Munii (lat

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Your name: Mikhalych
Misto, region: Poltava
Current: 40110
Restoration date: 06/08/2014
Вік: 53
Nagorodi:

Amadins, Munii (lat.Lonchura) are a genus of birds from the family of finch weavers (Estrildidae).

Kingdom: Animals
Type: Chordates
Subtype: Vertebrates
Class: Birds
Superorder: Newcomers
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Singing passerines
Family: Finch weavers
Genus: Muni

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Amadines are extremely attractive and cheerful birds. These small birds belong to the family of finch weavers.In the world there are more than 30 species of finches. distributed in Australia, Southeast Asia, Africa, on the islands of the Malay archipelago. Their habitat, in addition to open landscapes, is also dense thickets of forest outskirts. The color of the plumage of finches is bright, numbering five or more shades. Males and females of finches look almost the same, except for minor differences. Amadines usually live in large flocks, nest in pairs. In captivity, the maintenance of finches usually does not cause difficulties due to the fact that these birds are unpretentious. With proper care and feeding, the lifespan of finches is about 10 years.

Your name: Mikhalych
Misto, region: Poltava
Current: 40110
Restructuring date: 06/08/2014
Вік: 53
Nagorodi:

Appearance

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Amadines are small birds - their length is no more than 11 centimeters. The variegated, very beautiful color of the finches acquire about 10 weeks after hatching. But it happens a little later. The male finch stands out for its bright plumage. The female is colored a little paler than the male: this is due to the fact that in nature she should be more invisible, as she incubates eggs, while the bright color of the male is designed to lead a possible predator away from the nest. Some birds change color seasonally. Males during the mating season dress in colorful plumage, and the rest of the time they are like their girlfriends.

The plumage of the male Amadin is ash-gray from head to neck. The goiter has faint black stripes. The belly and breast are yellowish-white with a black spot. The head is decorated with a red-orange spot located near the ears. There are small white spots on the red sides. The female finch has black stripes on her head. Males look brighter than females only during the mating season, the rest of the time the color of their plumage is similar.
The main difference between young amadins is a black beak (in adults, the beak is coral-red in males and red-orange in females). Moreover, the beak looks unusual - it resembles wax in texture, which is why finches are sometimes called wax-billed.

Your name: Mikhalych
Misto, region: Poltava
Current: 40110
Restoration date: 06/08/2014
Вік: 53
Nagorodi:

Spread

Amadines are found throughout South Asia. Some species live in Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Thailand, India, Myanmar. They also live in Southeast China, Malaysia, Sumatra, the islands of Java, Lombok, Timor.

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The species includes 38 species:
Eastern black-headed munia Lonchura atricapilla (Vieillot, 1807), sometimes considered a subspecies of the black-headed munia (L. malacca atricapilla)
Black and white finch Lonchura bicolor (Fraser, 1843)
Gray-headed munia Lonchura caniceps (Salvadori, 1876)
Silver-billed finch Lonchura cantans (Gmelin, 1789)
Chestnut-breasted finch Lonchura castaneothorax (Gould, 1837)
Bronze-winged finch Lonchura cucullata (Swainson, 1837)
Javanese Munia Lonchura ferruginosa (Sparrman, 1789)
Yellow Munia Lonchura flaviprymna (Gould, 1845)
Lonchura forbesi striped munia (Sclater, 1879)
Large finch-shirt Lonchura fringilloides (Lafresnaye, 1835)
Brown finch Lonchura fuscans (Cassin, 1852)
Great Munia Lonchura grandis (Sharpe, 1882)
Pearl-headed finch Lonchura griseicapilla Delacour, 1943
Gray-necked munia Lonchura hunsteini (Finsch, 1886)
Gold-lumbar finch Lonchura kelaarti (Jerdon, 1863)
White-bellied finch Lonchura leucogastra (Blyth, 1846)
Javanese finch Lonchura leucogastroides (Horsfield & Moore, 1858)
Spotted finch Lonchura leucosticta (Albertis & Salvadori, 1879)
White-headed munia Lonchura maja (Linnaeus, 1766)
Malabar finch Lonchura malabarica (Linnaeus, 1758)
Black-headed munia Lonchura malacca (Linnaeus, 1766)
Thick-billed finch Lonchura melaena (Sclater, 1880)
Moluccan finch Lonchura molucca (Linnaeus, 1766)
Highland Munia Lonchura montana Junge, 1939
Alpine Munia Lonchura monticola (De Vis, 1897)
Yellow-breasted Munia Lonchura nevermanni Stresemann, 1934
Funeral Munia Lonchura nigerrima (Rothschild & Hartert, 1899)
Brown-backed munia Lonchura nigriceps (Cassin, 1852)
Pale-headed munia Lonchura pallida (Wallace, 1863)
White-bellied Munia Lonchura pallidiventer Restall, 1996
Scaly-breasted finch Lonchura punctulata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Lonchura quinticolor five-color munia (Vieillot, 1807)
Magnificent Munia Lonchura spectabilis (Sclater, 1879)
Sharp-tailed bronze finch Lonchura striata (Linnaeus, 1766)
Black Munia Lonchura stygia Stresemann, 1934
Black-breasted Munia Lonchura teerinki Rand 1940
Funeral finch Lonchura tristissima (Wallace, 1865)
White-faced munia Lonchura vana (Hartert, 1930)

Your name: Mikhalych
Misto, region: Poltava
Current: 40110
Restoration date: 06/08/2014
Вік: 53
Nagorodi:

Lifestyle

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In the wild, finches flock together in large flocks, sometimes numbering up to a thousand individuals. They nest in pairs, usually laying two to four eggs. Nesting places rarely leave and do not fly far away, but there are also species that prefer to fly from place to place, leading a nomadic lifestyle.
Often, finches can be seen near houses, in gardens and parks, although usually these birds prefer to settle in the wild, in the immediate vicinity of water bodies, in the steppes or on the outskirts of forests. Both plains and mountain ranges are chosen as habitats.

Finch nests have an interesting ellipse or ball shape. The Amadines literally “sew, weave” their nests - hence their name “weavers”. Leaves and fibers of plant origin serve as material for building nests.

Your name: Mikhalych
Misto, region: Poltava
Current: 40110
Restoration date: 06/08/2014
Вік: 53
Nagorodi:

Reproduction and maintenance

In the room where the cage with amadins is located, a moderate air temperature (about 18-20 ° C) should be maintained. Do not allow sudden temperature changes. Drafts are not allowed. Amadines do not tolerate cigarette smoke and other strong odors. Noise and loud harsh sounds are harmful to them. Gusty movements can scare them and even cause death.
The voice of the Amadins is not loud, but not always pleasant. In addition to chirping, finches can make sounds like buzzing, hissing, and whistling.

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Amadines are neat birds, so cleanliness in the cage must be maintained at all times. Choosing a cage for a finch, it is better to dwell on the option with a lower pull-out tray: it will allow you to put things in order in the finches' dwelling in a timely manner and without unnecessary efforts. The bottom of the cage is covered with pre-washed, dried sand (layer about 2 cm thick). Every day, dirt is swept away from it with a brush. The pan is washed periodically, replacing all the sand with new one. Perches and other internal elements of the cage also need to be thoroughly washed from time to time. The size of the cage is approximately 350x200x250 mm (the same as for canaries). The optimal place for a cage with amadins is a bright place, but away from drafts. It must be borne in mind that the sun should illuminate the cage with finches for at least three hours a day.

Amadins are not picky about keeping at home. The diet for them is primarily millet. Grain mixtures are also suitable, which contain from 6 to 8 components, including millet. One teaspoon of this mixture is usually enough to feed the finch throughout the day. The optimal feed mixture for the finch is: 150 gr. oatmeal, 300 gr. canary seed, 50 gr. flax seeds, 100 gr. plague, rapeseed, lettuce, mogar, hemp, 250 gr. seeds of meadow grasses. This mixture is added to 1 kilogram of millet. The finch menu can include eggs and curd products. In winter, sprouts of wheat, oats, or other grains can be added to the diet. In summer, finches are always added to food with fresh finely chopped leaves of plants (plantain, dandelion). Amadins also happily eat berries, vegetables and fruits. During the breeding season, amadins must include in the diet of live mealworms, bloodworms, hamarus and koretra. At any time of the year, finches should be provided with mineral additives, which can be chalk, crushed shells, river shell rocks and sea sand.

It is better to choose a small drinking bowl for finches - these birds do not have a great need for water. In addition to the drinker, a container must be installed in the cage where the birds can swim. A little water is needed there - the bath should be filled no more than a couple of centimeters. The water should be infused, better filtered, it is not necessary to boil. Place the feeder in the cage so that the feed is less contaminated. The best place is near the perches. The drinker and bathing container can be hung from the cage wall. The feeder should not be deep, no more than a couple of centimeters deep.

Your name: Mikhalych
Misto, region: Poltava
Current: 40110
Restructuring date: 08.06.2014
Вік: 53
Nagorodi:

A pair of finches usually lays no more than four eggs. The offspring appears after fourteen days, and both parents are directly involved in feeding the chicks. Amadins feed their offspring with food, regurgitating it from their own goiter. Even after the chicks fly out of the nest, the parents continue to feed them. In the wild, the seeds of cultivated and wild plants serve as food for amadins. When finches feed their chicks, they switch from plant food to insects.

When placing several finches in one cage, it should be borne in mind that the species of zebra birds is quite quarrelsome with other birds. Lada in relation to their closest relatives - finches, they can show aggression. It is better to settle couples in different small cages (50 x 30 x 35 cm).

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For reproduction, finches need to be provided with a house made of wood (the dimensions of the house are 12x12x12, the entrance is 5 cm). For the construction of a spherical nest of finches, it is necessary to provide soft grass or bast. Also, for construction purposes, birds can use feathers (for example, you can offer them several light-colored chicken feathers, previously disinfected).

Your name: Mikhalych
Misto, region: Poltava
Current: 40110
Restoration date: 06/08/2014
Вік: 53
Nagorodi:

The finches are engaged in arranging the nest for about a week, after which every day the finches lay an egg in it. There are usually 4 to 6 eggs in a clutch, but young females can lay only 2-3 eggs for the first time. Finch eggs hatch together for two weeks. During this period, it is important to provide the birds with peace: do not disturb them, do not try to look into the nest and do not frighten them with harsh sounds, since in case of fright the finches can even stop incubating and leave the clutch. Chicks grow quickly. For a little more than half a month (usually up to three weeks), they are in the nest, then leave it. Parents supplement their chicks for another week after their departure from the nest. Immediately after the young finches leave the nest, the parents begin a new clutch.

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The finches reach maturity in a month and a half, however, it is possible to reproduce them only from 5 months. It is fashionable to get up to 4 broods per year among the finches. Newborn chicks - both females and males - do not differ from each other. The color of their plumage is pale gray, the beak is black. Only after a couple of months, the beak acquires a reddish hue characteristic of adult birds.
It is not difficult to provide good living conditions for finches in captivity. These birds are quite unpretentious. With proper care and balanced nutrition, the life expectancy of finches can be more than 10 years.

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